Features of nutrition in women with arterial hypertension and abdominal obesity
Keywords:arterial hypertension, abdominal obesity, women, the nature of nutrition
Background. Currently, there is a significant increase in the percentage of women with arterial hypertension (AH) and abdominal obesity (AO), which is largely due to violations of the healthy eating norms. Therefore, the problem of studying the nutritional characteristics of women with AH in combination with AO requires further research. The study was aimed to investigate the nutritional characteristics of female patients (residents of Ukraine) with arterial hypertension and abdominal obesity. Materials and methods. We examined 75 female patients (residents of Ukraine) with AH stage II, 2–3 degrees, aged from 40 to 59 years (40 women with AO (I–II degrees) and 35 women with normal body weight (NBW). All patients underwent a routine examination. The peculiarities of the nutrition of the patients were analyzed using the questionnaire “Diary of daily nutrition”. The data obtained were analyzed using the SPSS 19 computer program for Windows XP. Results. In the group of women with AH and AO, in the vast majority of individuals (73–100 %), the diet did not meet the recommendations of a healthy diet. In the group of women with AH and NBW, the dietary pattern did not meet the recommendations of a healthy diet only in one-third of the individuals. The daily diet of women with AH and AO differed from that of women with AH and NBW by a significantly higher energy value of food, a higher frequency of meals in the evening, a higher intake of fats (including saturated fatty acids and trans-unsaturated fatty acids), carbohydrates (especially monosaccharides), and less dietary fiber intake. In both groups of women, the habit of adding salt to food was revealed, but only in the third of the individuals. Conclusions. Significant violations of the healthy eating norms were found in women with AH, which were much more pronounced in women with AO that must be taken into account when developing optimal schemes for correcting the diet in these patients.
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Copyright (c) 2021 S.M. Koval, L.A. Rieznik, T.G. Starchenko, M.Yu. Penkova, D.K. Miloslavsky, O.V. Mysnychenko
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