Features of nutrition in women with arterial hypertension and abdominal obesity

Authors

  • S.M. Koval State Institution “L.T. Malaya National Therapy Institute of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine”, Kharkiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8699-2324
  • L.A. Rieznik State Institution “L.T. Malaya National Therapy Institute of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine”, Kharkiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5200-3447
  • T.G. Starchenko State Institution “L.T. Malaya National Therapy Institute of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine”, Kharkiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1276-3868
  • M.Yu. Penkova State Institution “L.T. Malaya National Therapy Institute of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine”, Kharkiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4997-5936
  • D.K. Miloslavsky State Institution “L.T. Malaya National Therapy Institute of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine”, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • O.V. Mysnychenko State Institution “L.T. Malaya National Therapy Institute of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine”, Kharkiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7577-2545

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0721.17.6.2021.243210

Keywords:

arterial hypertension, abdominal obesity, women, the nature of nutrition

Abstract

Background. Currently, there is a significant increase in the percentage of women with arterial hypertension (AH) and abdominal obesity (AO), which is largely due to violations of the healthy eating norms. Therefore, the problem of studying the nutritional characteristics of women with AH in combination with AO requires further research. The study was aimed to investigate the nutritional characteristics of female patients (residents of Ukraine) with arterial hypertension and abdominal obesity. Materials and methods. We examined 75 female patients (residents of Ukraine) with AH stage II, 2–3 degrees, aged from 40 to 59 years (40 women with AO (I–II degrees) and 35 women with normal body weight (NBW). All patients underwent a routine examination. The peculiarities of the nutrition of the patients were analyzed using the questionnaire “Diary of daily nutrition”. The data obtained were analyzed using the SPSS 19 computer program for Windows XP. Results. In the group of women with AH and AO, in the vast majority of individuals (73–100 %), the diet did not meet the recommendations of a healthy diet. In the group of women with AH and NBW, the dietary pattern did not meet the recommendations of a healthy diet only in one-third of the individuals. The daily diet of women with AH and AO differed from that of women with AH and NBW by a significantly higher energy value of food, a higher frequency of meals in the evening, a higher intake of fats (including saturated fatty acids and trans-unsaturated fatty acids), carbohydrates (especially monosaccharides), and less dietary fiber intake. In both groups of women, the habit of adding salt to food was revealed, but only in the third of the individuals. Conclusions. Significant violations of the healthy eating norms were found in women with AH, which were much more pronounced in women with AO that must be taken into account when developing optimal schemes for correcting the diet in these patients.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Mills KT, Stefanescu A, He J. The global epidemiology of hypertension. Nat Rev Nephrol. 2020 Apr;16(4):223-237. doi:10.1038/s41581-019-0244-2.

Singh S, Shankar R, Singh GP. Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Hypertension: A Cross-Sectional Study in Urban Varanasi. Int J Hypertens. 2017;2017:5491838. doi:10.1155/2017/5491838.

Koval SM, Yushko KO, Snihurska IO, et al. Relations of angiotensin-(1-7) with hemodynamic and cardiac structural and functional parameters in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes. Arterial Hypertension (Poland). 2019;23(3):183-189. doi:10.5603/AH.a2019.0012.

Shariq OA, McKenzie TJ. Obesity-related hypertension: a review of pathophysiology, management, and the role of metabolic surgery. Gland Surg. 2020 Feb;9(1):80-93. doi:10.21037/gs.2019.12.03.

Natsis M, Antza C, Doundoulakis I, Stabouli S, Kotsis V. Hypertension in Obesity: Novel Insights. Curr Hypertens Rev. 2020;16(1):30-36. doi:10.2174/1573402115666190415154603.

Jiang SZ, Lu W, Zong XF, Ruan HY, Liu Y. Obesity and hypertension. Exp Ther Med. 2016 Oct;12(4):2395-2399. doi:10.3892/etm.2016.3667.

Aronow WS. Association of obesity with hypertension. Ann Transl Med. 2017 Sep;5(17):350. doi:10.21037/atm.2017.06.69.

Williams B, Mancia G, Spiering W, et al. 2018 ESC/ESH Guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension. Eur Heart J. 2018 Sep 1;39(33):3021-3104. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehy339.

Serhiyenko VO, Serhiyenko OO. Diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension. Mìžnarodnij endokrinologìčnij žurnal. 2021;17(2):100-113. doi:10.22141/2224-0721.17.2.2021.230573. (in Ukrainian).

Pankiv VI, Yuzvenko TYu, Pankiv IV. Type 2 diabetes mellitus and subclinical hypothyroidism: focusing on the role of cholecalciferol. Problems of Endocrine Pathology. 2019;68(2):46-51. doi:10.21856/j-PEP.2019.2.07.

Koval SM, Mysnichenko OV, Penkova MYu. A highly sensitive C-reactive protein and its relationship with features of arterial hypertension in patients with abdominal obesity. Problems of Endocrine Pathology. 2020;74(4):60-65. doi:10.21856/j-PEP.2020.4.07. (in Ukrainian).

Oyekale AS. Effect of Obesity and Other Risk Factors on Hypertension among Women of Reproductive Age in Ghana: An Instrumental Variable Probit Model. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Nov 26;16(23):4699. doi:10.3390/ijerph16234699.

Nyssen OP, Perez-Aisa A, Tepes B, et al. Adverse Event Profile During the Treatment of Helicobacter pylori: A Real-World Experience of 22,000 Patients From the European Registry on H. pylori Management (Hp-EuReg). Am J Gastroenterol. 2021 Jun 1;116(6):1220-1229. doi:10.14309/ajg.0000000000001246.

Cohen JB, Gadde KM. Weight Loss Medications in the Treatment of Obesity and Hypertension. Curr Hypertens Rep. 2019 Feb 12;21(2):16. doi:10.1007/s11906-019-0915-1.

Pankiv IV. The combination of obesity with various infections as an interdisciplinary problem of modern clinical medicine. Mìžnarodnij endokrinologìčnij žurnal. 2019;15(6):501-516. doi:10.22141/2224-0721.15.6.2019.185413. (in Ukrainian).

Wharton S, Lau DCW, Vallis M, et al. Obesity in adults: a clinical practice guideline. CMAJ. 2020 Aug 4;192(31):E875-E891. doi:10.1503/cmaj.191707.

Eckel RH, Cornier MA. Update on the NCEP ATP-III emerging cardiometabolic risk factors. BMC Med. 2014 Aug 26;12:115. doi:10.1186/1741-7015-12-115.

Visseren FLJ, Mach F, Smulders YM, et al. 2021 ESC Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice. Eur Heart J. 2021 Sep 7;42(34):3227-3337. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehab484.

Koval SM, Reznik LA, Miloslavsky DK, Starchenko TG, Penkova MYu. Nutritional features of men with abdominal obesity and arterial hypertension. Problems of Endocrine Pathology. 2020;74(4):66-70. doi:10.21856/j-PEP.2020.4.08. (in Ukrainian).

Published

2022-01-04

How to Cite

Koval, S., Rieznik, L., Starchenko, T., Penkova, M., Miloslavsky, D., & Mysnychenko, O. (2022). Features of nutrition in women with arterial hypertension and abdominal obesity. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY (Ukraine), 17(6), 477–481. https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0721.17.6.2021.243210

Issue

Section

Original Researches

Most read articles by the same author(s)