Myo-inositol supplementation in women of reproductive age with subclinical hypothyroidism and obesity on the background of vitamin D deficiency
Keywords:subclinical hypothyroidism, myo-inositol, vitamin D
Background. In recent years, thyroid diseases occupy the top places in the structure of the endocrine pathology. There exists a tight functional relationship between the thyroid and reproductive systems, which leads to a high probability of the development of combined disorders in one of these links of homeostasis. The problem of reproductive health disorders is of particular concern around the world and is relevant to the study of the impact of thyroid diseases on both fertility and pregnancy, especially in conditions of comorbidity. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of myo-inositol on the reproductive function of women with subclinical hypothyroidism on the background of autoimmune thyroiditis and obesity. Materials and methods. The study included 98 patients aged 18–40 years with subclinical hypothyroidism, overweight, or obesity on the background of autoimmune thyroiditis. They were randomly subdivided into two groups. Patients of the first group (n = 49) before the basic treatment received myo-inositol at a dose of 2000 mg/day and cholecalciferol at a dose of 2000 IU/day. Patients of the second group (n = 49) before the basic treatment received only cholecalciferol at a dose of 2000 IU/day. Results. Vitamin D deficiency was observed in 90.81 % of women with subclinical hypothyroidism, and vitamin D insufficiency in 9.19 %. A negative correlation was found between the level of 25(OH)D and the level of TPO-Ab (r = –0.189; p < 0.05). There was a weak negative correlation between the level of 25(OH)D and the level of the HOMA-IR (r = –0.168; p < 0.05). The administration of myo-inositol together with vitamin D led to a significant increase in the content of 25(OH)D, as well as to a decrease in the titer of TPO-Ab. Conclusions. The positive effect of myo-inositol drugs together with vitamin D on the functional state of the thyroid gland, on the level of TPO-Ab and HOMA-IR in women of reproductive age with subclinical hypothyroidism and obesity has been established.
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