Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism in clinical practice

V.I. Pankiv

Abstract


Considering the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM), the possibility of early and rapid progress of complications, a large number of undiagnosed cases and disappointing forecasts of the World Health Organization on the prospects of DM spreading in the world, timely and accurate diagnosis of carbohydrate metabolism disorders is important. The criteria for the diagnosis of carbohydrate metabolism and DM are shown in the article. The article includes a new consensus on the staging of type 1 DM and a discussion of a proposed unifying diabetes classification scheme that focuses on β-cell dysfunction and disease stage as indicated by glucose status. Modern recommendations 2017 of the American Diabetes Association are shown in relation to the criteria of diagnostics of impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes mellitus. The value of insulin resistance and functional state of pancreatic β-cells is underlined in determination of type 2 DM duration. A plan of type 2 DM management is brought.

Keywords


diabetes mellitus; impaired fasting glucose; impaired glucose tolerance; insulin resistance; diagnostics

References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0721.13.1.2017.96754

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