Cerebrovascular Disorders in Women with Overweight and Obesity
Cerebrоvascular diseases are one of the most maladaptive disorders in both men and women. Meanwhile, in the female population when compared to men, strokes occur much later. Strokes in women have higher incidence of traditional risk factors, such as arterial hypertension, atrial fibrillation, as well as the presence of specific factors, such as the use of oral contraceptives and pregnancies. In addition, in women compared with men the proportion of severe strokes is greater, the incidence of hospital medical complications and deaths is higher, as well as the number of cases of severe disability after stroke. In the formation of sex differences in the pathophysiology of stroke, there are involved both hormonal mechanisms, and other factors not related to the influence of reproductive hormones. Understanding these laws is important in order to develop a stratified approach to the management of female patients with cerebrоvascular disease.
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