The Findings of Epidemiological Studies on the Prevalence of Iodine Deficiency Disorders in the Khorezm Region of Republic of Uzbekistan

S.I. Ismailov, L.B. Nugmanova, M.M. Rashitov, M.M. Atadjanova, F.Z. Yuldasheva


Despite the ongoing programs aimed at the liquidation of iodine deficiency in the Republic of Uzbekistan, a high prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) is being observed. As a result of epidemiological studies in 1998 and 2004 it was found that the prevalence of endemic goiter among children in the country was 64.5 and 51.6%, respectively. Dynamics of iodine deficiency decrease was associated with active work on liquidation of IDD: provision of salt-mining and salt-processing plants with iodizing equipment and potassium iodate, conducting of large-scale community health measures among different social gropus, on public enterprises and in private sector, carrying out of regular monitoring of iodine content in salt and urine. In May 2007 there was passed the law of Republic of Uzbekistan «About prevention of iodine deficiency disorders». In this work there was carried out the analysis of IDD in Khoresm region according to WHO recommendations, by sentinel method. It was revealed that prevalence of endemic goiter has been reduced to 38.7 % in 2012 (positive dymanics). We obtained data on the normal content of iodine in salt and urine — 75 and 60.6 %, respectively. Thus, it is found that the prevalence of IDD in the Khorezm region in the dynamics is reduced, although iodine deficiency remains severe.


iodine deficiency disorders; epidemiology; Khorezm region of Uzbekistan


Prefell E.A., Dunn J.T. Iodine deficiency disorders in the Americas // The prevention and Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders // Eds. B. Hetzer, J.T. Dunn and J.B. Stanbury. — Amsterdam, New-York, Oxford, 1987. — P. 237-247.

Pretell E.A., Dunn J.T. IDD in Latin America // SOS for a Billion. — Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1994. —

P. 206-212.

Verster A. Iodine deficiency. What it is and how to prevent it. WHO-Alexandria, Egypt, 1995.

Nauman J., Glinoer D. et al. The thyroid and iodine // European Thyroid Symposium. — Warsaw, 1996.

Delange F., Gutekunst R. Iodine deficiency disorders in eastern Europe. Report on behalf of ICCIDD, UNISEF, WHO, 1992.

Gutekunst R., Delange F. Iodine deficiency disorders in Europe // SOS for a Billion. — Delhi, Oxford University Press, 1994. — P. 199-205.

Dunn J.T. Iodine deficiency and thyroid function // The thyroid and iodine. Merck European Thyroid Symposium. — Warsaw, 1996 May 16–18. — P. 1-6.

Исмаилов С.И., Нугманова Л.Б., Расулов С.Ф., Ибрагимов Т.К. Йоддефицитные состояния в Узбекистане и пути их ликвидации // Вестник врача общей практики. — 2001. — № 2(18). — С. 6-10.

Исмаилов С.И., Исламов Р., Расулов С.Ф., Нугманова Л.Б., Насирова У.Ф. Узбекистон Республикасида йод танкислиги холатларини кимевий ва биокимевий жихатдан бахолаш // Проблемы биологии и медицины. — 2003. — № 2. — С. 3-8.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


© "Publishing House "Zaslavsky", 1997-2020


   Seo анализ сайта