Clinical and Hormonal Characteristics of Patients with Giant Masses of Sellar-Chiasmatic Region

K.B. Alimova, Yu.M. Urmanova


Objective: to study the clinical and hormonal characteristics of patients with giant masses of sellar-chiasmatic area. Material and methods. During the period from 2015 to 2016, we have examined 35 adult patients with pituitary macroadenomas, including 48.6 % of men. The average age of men was 37.12 years, women — 38.15 years. The disease duration ranged from 2 months to 25 years. Results. Distribution of patients according to topographic and anatomical classification of pituitary adenoma side growth showed that pituitary adenomas with total growth were (51.4 %) most frequent. Patients with giant pituitary adenomas most often had panhypopituitarism (44.4 %), as well as bitemporal hemianopsia (61.1 %) and secondary amenorrhea (33.3 %). Such disorders, as a secondary osteopenia, endocrine encephalopathy, delayed physical and sexual development, had been identified only in this group of patients. In addition, a significant decrease in the mean values of basal levels of tropic pituitary hormones (growth hormone (GH), luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), adrenocorticotropic hormone) was observed in patients with giant pituitary adenomas. Conclusions. Patients with giant pituitary adenomas have primarily a decrease in GH, FSH, LH levels. The most significant neuroendocrine and ophthalmic disorders occur in patients with giant pituitary adenomas.


giant pituitary adenomas; clinical pattern; complications


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