DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0721.4.60.2014.76690

Treatment with Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Analogues — a Breakthrough in Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Therapy

V.L. Orlenko, K.P. Zak

Abstract


The paper analyzes the data of modern scientific literature on the new class of drugs that restore the effect of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). According to modern concepts, the pathophysio-logical mechanisms of therapeutic action of GLP-1 analogues in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2 primarily due to their bene-ficial effects on β-cell dysfunction, whose role in the pathogenesis of DM type 2 until recently been underestimated. The main targets of GLP-1 are pancreatic islets, where it glucose-dependently stimulates production and secretion of insulin and somatostatin secretion and inhibits glucagon secretion. Furthermore, GLP-1 inhibits β-cell destruction and stimulates their proliferation, increasing their number. The article presents information on the main multicenter studies on analogues of human GLP-1, analyzes hypoglycemic effectiveness of incretins and others of their positive effects.


Keywords


diabetes mellitus; glucagon; insulin; incretins; glucagon-like peptide-1

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