Evaluating the Possibility of Diabetes Mellitus in Different Levels of Cardiovascular Risk in Men
This paper evaluated the possibility of diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2 in men with different risks of cardiovascular disease, as well as clarified the relationship between high risk of DM type 2 and the main factors of cardiovascular risk. Respondents (n = 152) were divided into groups of cardiovascular risk without clinical manifestations of cardiovascular diseases. In a cohort of men with different levels of cardiovascular risk by SCORE (Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation) scale, low risk of DM was in 27 % of cases, moderately increased risk — in 34.2% of individuals. Very high risk of DM was in 38.9 % of men. The possibility of DM in the next 10 years, by the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) questionnaire, increases with an increase in cardiovascular risk. In the group of low/moderate cardiovascular risk — one in ten males, in the group of high cardiovascular risk — one in three men and in the group of very high cardiovascular risk — every second male has a risk of DM. The increase in predicted risk of DM, by the FINDRISC scale, is associated with an increase of the insulin resistance (IR) index. Among those with IR, 3.9 % are patients with low-risk of DM, 17.7 % belong to the group of moderately increased risk of DM. At the same time, 78.4 % of patients with IR have high and very high risk of DM.
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