Prevalence of Lipid Metabolism Disorders in the Urban Population of Ukraine Depending on the Degree and Type of Obesity
The objective of this study was subanalysis of the prevalence of lipid metabolism disorders among a cohort of respondents with overweight and obesity depending on the degree and type of obesity in a large population determination of risk factors we have carried out in Ukraine on urban population in 2009–2013. It was found that in the urban Ukrainian population being analyzed only 29.3 % had a normal body weight, and 70.7 % summarily had overweight and obesity I–III degree. Upward trend in the prevalence of overweight and obesity has been detected with aging of subjects, among both men and women. It was found that with increasing body weight and the age, a proportion of the lipid metabolism disorders in the population rises. The prevalence of hypercholesterolemia in the population was 69.4 %, and all manifestations of the lipid metabolism disorders increased with increasing degree of obesity and age. It was found that in parallel with an increase in body weight, there is an increase in the prevalence of isolated hypertriglyceridemia on the background of reduced isolated hypercholesterolemia, which is caused by redistribution, in parallel with increasing body mass index, of lipid metabolism disorders due to increasing the share of combined dyslipidemia detection — from 7.9 % at normal body weight to 44.4 % at obesity III degree. It has been established that the occurrence and progression of abdominal type of obesity in men is associated with increased lipid metabolism disorders, whereas in women similar clear patterns were not found.
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