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The first part of the review article highlights modern views on the prevalence, etiology and features of the pathogenesis of erectile dysfunction (ED) in men with diabetes mellitus. Google Scholar and PubMed databases were used to search for literature sources. The role of comorbid diseases in the development of ED in men with diabetes mellitus has been shown. The generalized data on the main clinical manifestations of erectile dysfunction, methods of its diagnosis and treatment are given. A number of epidemiological studies over the past 20 years have found that erectile dysfunction in men with diabetes may be an early marker of cardiovascular complications. Thus, in the algorithm for ED diagnosis in patients with diabetes it is necessary to conduct a thorough examination of the cardiovascular system. Numerous literature sources indicate an important role in the correction of androgen deficiency in men with type 2 diabetes, in order to enhance the effectiveness of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors. Erectile dysfunction involves a change in any of the components of an erectile response. ED can negatively affect a man’s quality of life because most patients experience symptoms of depression and anxiety related to their sexual capabilities. These symptoms also affect a partner’s sexual experience and the couple’s quality of life. Clinical features of ED have many key features in the anamnesis, including some physical signs during examination depending on a type of diabetes. With age, comorbid conditions play an increasing role in the development of ED. Diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, obesity can lead to the development of ED before accelerated deterioration of erectile function and disorders at the molecular level of the mechanisms underlying erection. Patients with diabetes and ED have higher scores on the depression rating scale, and poorer overall health and quality of life. Early detection of ED in individuals with diabetes can improve the overall health and quality of life of patients. Patients with diabetes with poor glycemic control and older age are more likely to develop severe ED, which further exacerbates an already compromised health and quality of life. According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2001–2002), diabetes mellitus is a modified risk factor independently associated with the development of ED (odds ratio (OR) 2.69), obesity (OR 1.60), smoking (OR 1.74) and hypertension (OR 1.56). Erectile dysfunction is a common complication of diabetes, and diabetes is a risk factor for ED; men with diabetes are three times more likely to have ED.
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