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Recently, in the foreign scientific literature there have been reports that boys and young men with the classic virile form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia or congenital dysfunction of the adrenal cortex as a result of inadequate glucocorticoid therapy in 21–28 % of cases have testicular adrenal rest tumors, which increases under the influence of excessive production of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). This benign formation up to 2 cm in diameter and larger is detected by palpation and ultrasound. The formations can press on the testicular tissue and lead to hypogonadism. Such individuals may have low testosterone levels due to decreased Leydig cell function. Testicular adrenal rest tumors usually decrease after treatment optimization. Unreasonable surgery is sometimes performed in suspected cancer. A clinical case is presented of the classic form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia, manifested itself in isosexual precocious puberty, cryptorchidism and testicular adrenal rest tumors rare, increased under the influence of excessive ACTH production as a result of inadequate glucocorticoid replacement therapy. Formations detected during ultrasound decrease when treatment is optimized. Observation of the patient in the dynamics showed that ones of the main diagnostic hormonal tests are blood levels of ACTH and 17-hydroxyprogesterone, which at the time of disease detection were excessively high. Continuous glucocorticoid replacement therapy maintains the level of these indicators within the reference values. Timely diagnosis of the nature of the pathology, constant corrective hormone therapy ensured the patient’s ability to adapt to life and society in accordance with his status. Clinical manifestations of hypocorticism and/or hyperandrogenism in the parents of our patient were not detected, which indicates autosomal recessive inheritance of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. In the future, it is important to provide genetic counseling to expectant parents, especially with manifestations of hyperandrogenism, to assess the possible development of such pathology in their offspring.
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