DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0721.0.1.41.2012.176806

Results of Epidemiological Surveys of Iodine Deficiency Disorders Prevalence in Fergana Region of Republic of Uzbekistan

S.I. Ismailov, M.M. Karimova, D.S. Abdurazzakova, M.M. Rashitov, M.T. Kulimbetov, F.Z. Yuldasheva

Abstract


In spite of extant programs aimed to liquidation of iodine deficiency, Republic of Uzbekistan still remains the zone of high prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD). Due to epidemiological surveys it has been defined that prevalence of endemic goiter among children in the country is 71 % in 1998 and 63 % in 2004. Dynamics of iodine deficiency decrease was associated with active work on liquidation of iodine deficiency disorders — provision of salt-mining and salt processing plants with iodizing equipment and potassium iodate, conducting of large-scale community health measures among different strata of the population, on public enterprises and in private sector, carrying out of regular monitoring of iodine content in salt and urine. In May 2007 there was passed the law of Republic of Uzbekistan «About prevention of iodine deficiency disorders». In this work there was carried out the analysis of IDD in Fergana region according to WHO recommendations. It was revealed that prevalence of endemic goiter has been reduced to 39.9 % in 2010. Thus it was defined that prevalence of IDD in Fergana region decreases in dynamics although still remains rather high.

Keywords


iodine deficiency disorders, endemic goiter, potassium iodate, thyroid gland

References


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