DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0721.15.3.2019.172115

Vitamin D status in the population of the Western region of Ukraine

V.I. Pankiv, V.V. Povorozniuk, I.V. Pankiv, V.I. Boyko, S.V. Glugovska

Abstract


In this lecture, we discuss the main causes of the vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency in the Western region of Ukraine, as well as present data on the incidence of vitamin D deficiency among various population groups, which confirm the widespread prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the country. Numerous studies suggest that the current vitamin D insufficiency in Ukrainian population (85 % of general population has reduced levels of 25(OH)D) is due to both low level of its endogenous synthesis and insufficient intake with food: the territory of the country is located in a zone of low insolation, and at the same time, the main natural sources of vitamin D (marine oily fish) and products fortified with vitamin D are very limited in the diet of the population. Taking measures to increase the status of vitamin D and maintaining the optimal serum levels of 25(OH)D in children and adults, adequate vitamin D intake will improve the condition of the musculoskeletal system, as well as reduce the risk of development and improve the control of some chronic diseases.

Keywords


vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency; epide­miology

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