DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0721.15.3.2019.172113

Peculiarities of phytotherapy of diabetes mellitus through the prism of comorbidity and prevention of complications (review of literature)

O.I. Voloshin, O.V. Glubochenko, I.V. Pankiv, V.G. Glubochenko, N.M. Malkovich

Abstract


The article presents the modern literature data about phytotherapy of patients with diabetes mellitus through the prism of comorbid processes and the prevention of complications. The article focuses on the review of the plant components that responsible for hypoglycemic action. Target ways of herbal influence are discussed, as well as the basic principles and pathogenetic mechanisms of the pharmacological effects of phytotherapy in diabetes mellitus. It is emphasized on the complexity of anti-glycemic action, which is due to the interaction of various substances. The authors further focused on the individual representatives of medicinal plants that are most often used in the treatment of diabetes, in particular, Vaccinium myrtillus L., Galega officinalis L., Phaseolus vulgaris L., Sambucus nigra L., Aralia mandshurica, Taraxacum officinale Wigg., Inula helenium L., Linum usitatissimum L., Momordica charantia, Gymnema sylvestre, Trigonella foenum graecu, Ginkgo biloba. The main combined preparations, antidiabetic phytospecies composition, dietary supplements, which are presented on the pharmaceutical market of Ukraine, are considered. The main approaches to the use of herbal medicines and their role in the treatment and long-term rehabilitation of patients with diabetes are highlighted. The necessity of carrying out scientific researches on creating polycomponent herbal medicine with multipurpose action and improving treatment and preventive measures by means of phytotherapy are emphasized.

Keywords


diabetes mellitus; comorbidity; phytotherapy; prevention; review

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