The prevalence and structure of major risk factors in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis
Background. Violation of bone mineral density as a cause of disability and mortality due to fractures, according to the data of World Health Organization, rank fourth in the world in terms of the prevalence after cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes mellitus. The purpose is to study the frequency and structure of the main risk factors for osteoporosis and fractures in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Materials and methods. The structure and prevalence of major risk factors of osteoporosis and fractures were studied in 42 women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Osteoporosis was verified by the lowenergy fracture and/or appropriate densitometry Tcriterion. A focused survey was conducted to identify the risk factors of osteoporosis and fractures in accordance with clinical guidelines and by using the FRAX (Fracture Risk Calculator). The indicators of bone mineral metabolism and the level of circulating 25(OH)D were evaluated. Results. An inadequate supply of vitamin D, previous fractures and impaired reproductive function were the most frequent factors. Also, other factors were determined, such as the somatic causes of secondary osteoporosis (diabetes mellitus, obesity, hypothyroidism), diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and those associated with the osteoporosis. Conclusions. The algorithm is developed to diagnose and monitor osteoporosis in postmenopausal women at the level of primary medical care.
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