DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0721.14.1.2018.127093

Diabetes mellitus and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (review of literature)

L.T. Daminova, S.U. Muminova

Abstract


Currently, an increasing importance is given to the study of the problem of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, which is observed in a significant number of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) type 1 and 2 and can potentially affect the compensation of DM. The mechanism of reducing the external secretion of the pancreas in DM is associated with an imbalance of inhibitory and stimulating pancreatic secretion of hormones, with fibrosis of the gland as a result of diabetic angiopathy. In type 2 DM, the mechanisms that result from the metabolic syndrome are involved in the pathogenesis of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. Enzyme replacement the­rapy should be considered as one of the promising methods of treating DM patients.

Keywords


diabetes mellitus; exocrine and endocrine functions of the pancreas; correlation of exocrine and endocrine pancreatic insufficiency; review

References


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