Risk factors of vitamin D deficiency among Ukrainian women in Carpathian region
Background. Vitamin D deficiency is present in over half of population worldwide.It has been long known that vitamin D deficiency contributes to the development of osteopenia and osteoporosis. As the vitamin D receptors are present in all human cells, several studies have focused on the extra-skeletal effects of vitamin D and the way it affects general health of patients. The purpose of the study was to assess some risk factors of vitamin D deficiency among Ukrainian women in Carpathian region. Materials and methods. Four hundred and ninety-five women aged 18–82 years were included in this cross-sectional study from 2014 to 2016. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were measured in all participants after collecting their demographic and anthropometric data and past medical histories. Results. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency was 91.1 %. Analysis of logistic regression shows that age (odds ratio (OR): 0.98, confidence interval (CI): 0.95–0.98) and menopause (OR: 0.49, CI: 0.25–0.98) were independent predictive factors for vitamin D deficiency. Conclusions. This study showed a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among Ukrainian women, especially in reproductive age.
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