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Background. In the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) and many of its complications, an important place belongs to a violation of the functional capacity of the immune system, which is the subject of numerous studies. Considering the effectiveness of immunomodulating therapy for DM1 and its complications, one of the most important problems is the search for new effective and harmless immunocorrecting agents with high pharmacological activity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the phytopreparation BNO 1030 on the phagocytic activity of blood leukocytes in rats with DM1. Materials and methods. Experimental DM1 in rats was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. The percentage of phagocytic cells and macrophage uptake of live fluorescent bacteria in the samples were determined using fluorescent live bacteria Escherichia coli. Results. The effect of the drug BNO 1030 on the phagocytic activity of white blood cells with DM1 in rats was investigated. Under hyperglycemia it was found changes in the redistribution of the main types of leukocytes, namely granulocytes and agranulocytes. The administration of the drug BNO 1030 to both control and diabetic animals resulted in an increase in the number of agranulocytes, which may indicate a modulating effect of the drug on the immune system of animals. Under these conditions, phagocytic activity of leukocytes was decreased as phagocytic number in group of diabetic rats was reduced by 42 % in comparison with group of control animals. BNO 1030 administration to diabetic rats caused an increase of phagocyte number by 24 % compared to the group of diabetic animals. These changes, in turn, are also accompanied by a decrease of phagocytic index as in diabetes, and when drug was administered to experimental groups, indicating disorders in nonspecific cellular immune system. Conclusions. BNO 1030 due to its immunomodulatory effect is effective in the treatment of DM1 and its comorbidity with other chronic diseases.
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